Rodents such as rats and mice are constantly on the lookout for food and shelter, which is why they are attracted to our home and garden, especially in the colder months. One of the amazing things rats can do is to pass through a hole or gap as small as 12mm wide which is why we wonder how did they get into our homes in the first place. Once they find shelter, they will seek to build nests for their young and are able to multiply themselves, producing ten or more baby rats every three weeks if the conditions are ideal. Their ability to infest areas are the reason why we need pest control in Perth.
The 2 types of rats that are most prevalent in Perth homes and offices are the Black (or Roof) Rat and the Norway (or Brown) Rat. Of these 2 varieties, the Black Rat is the one that we see more commonly in our homes. It has a great ability to climb and is extremely agile which is why these rats are found in ceilings and wall cavities. Meanwhile, the Brown Rat lacks any great climbing ability and tends nest underground. The opening of the nests, which will appear as a small hole, is an indicator of the brown rat’s presence. You would typically find them under decks, compost heaps, under or around garden sheds and such.
Some of the ways to know that you have rats in your home are through the following:
- Droppings – usually about 10 – 15 mm long with one end blunt and the other pointed like a tapered spindle shape.
- Noise – Rat activity in a home can be indicated by an unusual sound in the ceiling such as a scratching sound or scurrying.
- Damage – rat’s need to continually gnaw at things to stop their incisor teeth from growing too long and this leads them to chew on many common household items such as wood and cardboard as well as electrical cables and wires.
- Nests – The nests of Black Rats can be seen in ceilings and will usually consist of items such as fabric, shredded paper, plastic and cardboard. Meanwhile, Brown Rats burrow underground and their nest opening will appear as a small hole on the ground surface.
Because rats are generally cunning and agile creatures that could be dangerous to you and your family, it needs to be eliminated from your property quickly. Buying hardware store baits may work on 1 or 2 rats but in a colony of them, these may not work. Engaging a pest control in Perth would give a clear indication of the extent of rat infestation in your home or office premises. Once a site inspection is made, a baiting plan will be customized for your home to eliminate the colony. One of the ways to prevent rats from entering your home or office again is to close all entry and exit points for rats to avoid further rodent activities.