A map is a visual depiction of a given area and its characteristics on a flat surface. Maps are used to showcase many different characteristics like the physical features, boundaries, distribution of resources, weather patterns, etc. Maps can be divided into 5 broad categories. General reference maps, topographic maps, thematic maps, navigation maps and cadastral maps.
General Reference Maps
General reference maps are the regular maps used by most of us. These maps are easy to read and can be used to locate different places. These maps include features like roads, lakes, rivers, important tourist destinations etc. 2D and 3D urban map illustration can be used to map a city in an attractive and easy to read manner. These maps can be used on tourist guides and other marketing materials to help tourists navigate through the city.
Topographic maps show detailed elevation and contour lines of a landscape. Survey maps are the best example of topographical maps. These maps lets you understand the detailed topography of a particular country or city.
Thematic maps are used to highlight specific themes or topics. These maps are used for various purposes such as geology, weather, population density, land use, etc. Thematic maps require specific understanding and knowledge and are not easy to read.
Maps that are used to navigate the sea and for air travel are known as navigational charts. These charts or maps consist of important information about the specific route. Navigational charts consist of information such as hidden rocks and other features on the route.
Cadastral maps or plans are used to map individual properties. They consist of information about boundaries, area of the property etc. Cadastral maps are mostly used to establish ownership of a property and in town planning.
A map can be used for multiple purposes. Urban map illustration is a type of general reference maps that are used to find your way across city. These maps can be used to provide detailed information about the different aspects of the city in an attractive and interesting manner. Thematic maps are used to depict the elevations of a landscape. Cadastral maps help to map ownership and thematic maps aid in depicting topics such as geology of a particular area.