Archive for Map

grtr Understanding Types Of Maps And Their Uses

A map is a visual depiction of a given area and its characteristics on a flat surface. Maps are used to showcase many different characteristics like the physical features, boundaries, distribution of resources, weather patterns, etc.  Maps can be divided into 5 broad categories. General reference maps, topographic maps, thematic maps, navigation maps and cadastral maps.

General Reference Maps

General reference maps are the regular maps used by most of us. These maps are easy to read and can be used to locate different places. These maps include features like roads, lakes, rivers, important tourist destinations etc. 2D and 3D urban map illustration can be used to map a city in an attractive and easy to read manner. These maps can be used on tourist guides and other marketing materials to help tourists navigate through the city.

Topographical Maps

Topographic maps show detailed elevation and contour lines of a landscape. Survey maps are the best example of topographical maps. These maps lets you understand the detailed topography of a particular country or city.

Thematic Maps

Thematic maps are used to highlight specific themes or topics. These maps are used for various purposes such as geology, weather, population density, land use, etc. Thematic maps require specific understanding and knowledge and are not easy to read.

Navigational Maps

Maps that are used to navigate the sea and for air travel are known as navigational charts. These charts or maps consist of important information about the specific route. Navigational charts consist of information such as hidden rocks and other features on the route.

Cadastral Maps

Cadastral maps or plans are used to map individual properties. They consist of information about boundaries, area of the property etc. Cadastral maps are mostly used to establish ownership of a property and in town planning.

A map can be used for multiple purposes. Urban map illustration is a type of general reference maps that are used to find your way across city. These maps can be used to provide detailed information about the different aspects of the city in an attractive and interesting manner. Thematic maps are used to depict the elevations of a landscape. Cadastral maps help to map ownership and thematic maps aid in depicting topics such as geology of a particular area.

Share

The World’s Largest Private Map Collection Now Open For Public Viewing And Download

For those with a passion for maps, looking for historic Overview maps and the like, there’s wonderful news, as the David Rumsey Map Collection has recently been placed online, made available to the public to view and download, a treasure trove of cartography information, free to access. The collection, with more than 91,000 maps, started over 30 years ago, and is now housed by the Stanford University in the US.

Back in the 80s, David Rumsey, the President of the digital publishing company Cartography Associates, began building the collection, starting with maps of North and South America. The collection is unique when it comes to the scope of geographical, illustration and Overview maps detailing the United States, thanks to having materials dating from the 16th all the way to the 21st centuries. Among the collection are 19th-century ribbon maps, as well as the world’s largest map of the early world, showing off the wide variety of artistic maps that have been made throughout history.

The collection is now available in the internet, allowing for search of maps via category, covering Celestial, Pictorial, Maritime, via time period, like the US Civil War, as well as by continent. The maps can be viewed in high-resolution, downloaded, and shared, while also allowing for the ordering of prints. For those wondering how the historic maps apply to the modern world, and how the world has changed, some of the maps in the collection allow for geo-referencing, which places the chosen map next to an updated world map, allowing for a good examination of how the maps overlay.

As for Rumsey, he states that seeing his private collection become accessible to the public is a dream. He says that, by putting all these maps, globes, charts, and atlases online, in one place, alongside their related materials, lets people see how maps grow one from another in time, incorporating the discoveries of earlier maps, while correcting their inaccuracies, which creates a visual flow of history over centuries.

Rumsey says that, by putting up his collection in one site on the web, he hopes to recreate that special sense of connection between maps and history, as well as letting people see the wonder of these old materials, which has not been seen by most.

 

Share

Training For The Lunar Landing At Flagstaff Arizona

Maps are indispensable tools for a traveler who requires help with directions. However, an Arizona Illustrated Map can be interesting piece of conversation inside the boardroom or lobby of an office. An illustrated map can easily elicit an emotional response from a viewer because it has been created with attention to architectural detail while enhancing prominent parts of the landscape.

At a lunar landing in Flagstaff, Arizona, Neil Armstrong and other astronauts underwent critical training before the historic moonwalk on July 20, 1969. The supernatural geography of the area resembled the “magnificent desolation” of the moon’s surface.

Neil Armstrong, Frank Borman, Pete Conrad, Jim Lovell, John Young, James McDivitt, Elliot See, Edward White and Thomas Stafford started their training in 1963. They explored the terrain of the Meteor and Sunset craters, peered through lunar telescopes and studied Lowell’s maps that showed the moon’s surface. All these activities were part of the preparations for the eventual lunar landing.

Before the Apollo 11 mission, the astronauts were joined by Buzz Aldrin, Michael Collins and others to undergo the critical training below Flagstaff’s San Francisco Peaks. Spacesuits and flying equipment were tested while lunar rover driving skills were perfected in the local meteor craters. Lunar landings were practiced on the black volcanic fields at nearby Cinder Lake. These places where the astronauts have trained can still be visited today.

The space training landmark can be a worthwhile opportunity for a family to spark an interest among the children to space exploration. Lowell Observatory can be found on a hill overlooking the beautiful turn-of-the-century Flagstaff downtown. You can also trace the steps of the astronauts as they hiked to the bottom of the Grand Canyon to gather samples of a lunar surface.

To honor the lunar landing’s 50th anniversary, Flagstaff is planning for a yearlong celebration that started with the launch party last July 20 at the Orpheum Theater.

It is very likely for the Arizona Illustrated Map to include Flagstaff and the Grand Canyon because they are important landmark’s in the state’s history. Capturing a moment in time from the Lowell Observatory will deliver more than just information but a realistic feeling of the area.

Share