Archive for Disease

Study Finds High-Dose Supplements Commonly Taken By Pregnant Women

Healthcare providers and companies like Prorganiq have been getting petitions to provide better dosage advice for pregnant women recently, thanks to a study that found that high-dose supplement intake is common for women who are pregnant.

The study was conducted by a team from Purdue University, which noted that a lot of pregnant women use dietary supplements, which, in turn, results in their nutrients going past the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). The study notes that, while inadequate intake of folate and iron is a genuine concern for pregnant women who don’t take supplements, those who do take supplements often took them at high does.

In turn, the study suggests the need for healthcare providers and companies like Prorganiq to discuss the use of dietary supplements, as well as the dosage recommended for women who are lactating or pregnant.

Nutrient requirements go up during pregnancy and lactation, particularly for certain micronutrients, like copper, folate, iodine, and iron. In order to prevent any potential deficiencies, clinicians and dietitians usually recommend or prescribe prenatal supplements.

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) advices pregnant and breastfeeding women to take 100-200mg of a Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplement daily, alongside 1-2 servings of fatty fish weekly.

The study was done with assistance from people from the Universities of Utah and Colorado, with a sample size of 1,314 pregnant, 297 lactating, and 8,096 non-pregnant and non-lactating women, aged 20-44, across the US.

They collected dietary supplement use covering a 30-day time span, with particular focus on the supplements taken, and mean daily nutrient intake. Results noted that 77% of the pregnant women, alongside 70% of lactating women, took dietary supplements, compared to 4% of the non-pregnant and non-lactating women. Mean intakes of nutrients were above the RDAs for the pregnant and lactating supplement users.

According to the authors, the majority of the pregnant and lactating women took supplements that covered for their nutrient needs, but the high doses taken can lead to excessive intake. They state that some of these high doses could be necessary, but it varies based on the woman, and requires proper evaluation by healthcare experts.


How Psychoanalyst Patrick Mahony Can Help You

One may have the same usual reasons for seeing a mental health professional or a psychoanalyst. Both professionals can provide comprehensive analysis on someone’s problems. The symptoms can include depression, anxiety, obsessions, panic attacks and compulsions. Personal attributes that keep getting in their way, in both professional or private life, are also considered those who need help from a trained psychoanalyst. One professional you can trust when it comes to psychoanalysis is Patrick Mahony with his expert advice.

Perhaps you may be experiencing hardships in your work situations. You easily get disappointed with your personal relations; don’t get along with your colleagues; feel sluggish and disconnected with friends or colleagues; have physical ailments as indications of emotional conflicts; or struggle with personal losses and transformations. These situations will require consultation with a psychoanalyst like Patrick Mahony and how one can be helped.

A psychoanalyst like Patrick Mahony will help you address your internal conflicts and mental disorders to improve your self-understanding and freedom. Much as we imagine that life is easy and simple and that we want to create a perfect world around us, but in reality, we struggle with our daily ups and downs. Much as we need expertise like some services from an accountant or financial planner, we need to handle our lives with security especially with our economic future. We need a specialist that can help improve our home projects, or some professional advice when it comes to our personal issues. Sometimes, our emotional freedom is hindered, and we are bothered with events that relate to the past.

If such feelings need some assistance to find our way for a better life, we need the expert advice of Patrick Mahony to help us understand and improve our daily lives. He can provide therapy that can help us have personal autonomy and fulfillment by understanding our perspectives. A session or series of sessions with him can make us improve, how we understand life and how we should carry on.

Psychoanalysis with Patrick Mahony is the best option when other less intensive therapies are unsuccessful in achieving expected results. He offers something different and more extensive, and he is the best person to handle our symptoms affecting our relationships and behavioral patterns. Depending on how you cope, you can have one or more sessions to improve.



Genetically Modified Mozzies Could Help Cut Down On Disease Transmission

According to studies, mosquitoes are one of the deadliest creatures on Earth, albeit indirectly. Thanks to the fact that they carry several types of viruses, bacteria, parasites and other disease sources, which they transmit through their bites, mozzies kill around a million of the 700 million people they infect annually.

For this reason, people are looking for innovations like Deet free repellent in Australia to keep them safe, as international travel, globalization as well as climate change has led to mozzie infections being a global problem. Pathogens like the West Nile virus (WNV) have caused outbreaks even in countries like the US, on top of new pathogens being discovered.

Currently, control efforts are limited to insecticide sprays, though there are some issues, even with Deet free repellent in Australia and across the world. To that end, scientists have turned to genetically modifying mosquitoes to control disease outbreaks. It’s not a new idea, having been suggested as far back as the 40s.

As it stands, there are two methods to utilizing GM mozzies; population replacement and population suppression. The former is replacing pathogen transmitting mosquitoes with ones unable to do so, taking advantage of ‘gene driving’, which uses a quirk on inheritance to spread a genetic trait to more than half of a specimen’s offspring, to spread the anti-pathogen genes. The latter, meanwhile, outright curbs the ability of mosquitoes to reproduce.

The concept of a gene drive is not restricted to genes, as all organisms posses what’s called a ‘hologenome’, which represents the genomes of all of their associated microbes. The Wolbachia symbiotic bacteria, known for infecting about 70% of all known insect species, is marked as the genetic trait that suppresses  either the ability of insects to reproduce or spread pathogens, and is programmed to hijack the insect’s reproductive methods to spread itself through the species.

Within the last eight years, scientists have worked with Wolbachia, taking the strain in fruit flies and passing them, as well as at least 1,500 prerequisite genes, into mosquitoes that transmit dengue, who were then released into a dozen countries to curb the spread of the disease. Preliminary results from the releases in the AU have shown promise, but the countries with higher disease density like South America and Asia still need further study.

For population suppression, scientists have been sterilizing mosquitoes by modifying males of the species to carry a gene that is lethal to the females, leaving the males, who do not bite or transmit the disease. These males are then released to nature, where they mate with the wild female population, which result in male offspring with the genetic quirk, and dead females, which cut down on the species’ reproductive abilities.

There have been some opposition to these methods, though sterile mosquitoes are generally agreed upon by the scientific community to be the safest disease control method, not just for the species, but also for the environment, safer than broad-spectrum insecticide sprays if nothing else.

In an increasingly globalized world, pathogens are likely to spread across the world, and with insect resistance to insecticide growing, scientists are looking for ways to curb the damage done by mosquito-borne diseases, without risking the environment.